Peci: The North is out of Kosovo's control, there is no final agreement without the formation of the CSM

Ljuljzim Peci
Source: Kosovo Online

The executive director of the Kosovo Institute for Policy Research and Development (KIPRED), Lulzim Peci, said that with the license plate agreement, Kosovo lost control in the north. According to him, Kosovo cannot reach a final agreement with Serbia without the formation of the CSM, Koha reports.

"The price that Kosovo paid is that the north got out of our control. The de-facto institutions of Kosovo, courts, municipalities do not function there. Kosovo police are present. This situation puts Kosovo in an unenviable negotiating position," Peci said.

Peci points out that currently the head of foreign policy of the European Union, Josep Borrell, plays the role of arbitrator and can stop the negotiations.

"If we read the agreement, we see that Borrell not only plays the role of a mediator, but moves into the role of arbitrator." He has the right to terminate negotiations, if one side is not constructive. As it seems, the process will be designed in the style of Rambouillet or negotiations in Vienna. The EU will come with the USA with a 'take it or leave it' proposal," said Peci.

He stated that it had not yet been clarified whether the police officers and other Serbian officials who resigned from the Kosovo institutions in the north would be replaced.

Peci said that Kosovo cannot reach a final agreement for the normalization of relations with Serbia without opening the topic of the Community of Serb-majority Municipalities.

Peci said in the "Desk" show on KTV that the latest agreement reached in Brussels for license plates clearly states that Kosovo and Serbia agreed to implement the previous agreements, which included the formation of the CSM.

"The CSM will be open as a topic, in this agreement it was agreed that it would be opened. I don't know how it will be legally regulated, it should be done by a separate law. The text clearly states that the parties agreed to implement earlier agreements. For the public's knowledge, the Franco-German framework also emphatically states that the parties will implement all previous agreements. The price for this package, for which all parties have agreed, is precisely the opening of this topic in the negotiations, and we should not dream that without opening the topic of CSM, we will be able to come to an agreement with Serbia," he pointed out.

Peci emphasized that Serbia's cooperation with Russia can continue as long as it does not harm the interests of the West.

Regarding integration into the EU, Peci said that Serbia would be forced to recognize Kosovo if it intends to move in that direction.

"Serbia will be forced to recognize Kosovo only if it wants to enter the EU." The process of recognition from the other five EU countries will not be automatic after the agreement is reached, but is likely to take time. If these countries recognize us, recognition by Serbia will be a problem for them, not for Kosovo, because Kosovo will have an open path for integration into the EU and NATO," he said.

Speaking about the final agreement with Serbia, Peci said that the autonomy of the north would be more dangerous than the CSM.

"The autonomy of the north would be more dangerous than the CSM. Serbia requested the CSM only for the north, not for the other municipalities. This proposal was not accepted by the Kosovo side. It was requested that the CSM be in all municipalities, not to be formed in a place where there is territorial compactness. There is no theoretical chance to create any territorial autonomy and move towards unification with Serbia. I don't see a big risk in this, the fact that it is not territorially compact is our advantage," said Peci.

According to him, Kosovo should hire well-known experts for negotiations with Serbia.